We may all be familiar with the powertrain control module (PCM) that controls fuel injection. But does ECM control fuel injectors? If yes, how does it control injectors? No worries. Let me explain shortly for now. After that, you will get a precise and detailed explanation.
The ECU is likened to the brain of a car. So it can be said that the brain does work on the whole part. It usually helps to measure fuel using engine rpm and signals from various sensors. And this is how it tells the fuel injectors when to fire and for how long.
However, it is not possible to describe in such a few words how the ECM controls the fuel injectors. Today’s article deals with how fuel injectors are controlled by the computer and how important the ECM is.
How Does ECM Control Fuel Injectors?
The ECM usually measures the amount of fuel and injects fuel according to the sensor readings. It is indirectly connected to the oxygen sensor. The oxygen sensor tells the ECM what the fuel condition is. As a result, the fuel injector injects fuel into the engine accordingly.
By Controlling The Fuel Amount
Usually, the Engine control module regulates the Diesel engine’s fuel injectors. But it can control the petrol engine’s injectors as well. However, the ECM collects data from different sensors the car has. This task is done based on the number of sensor readings.
Now take a look at how ECM controls the fuel amount. It controls the amount of fuel by two simple parameters.
Parameter #1: Pressure setting when the overpressure valve is controlled by ECM
Parameter #2: By opening the fuel injector. It helps to open the injector valves until enough fuel is inserted.
By Determining The Fuel Amount
Another way to control the fuel injectors by ECM is by determining the fuel amount. To get the job done, the Engine control module uses the RPM of the engine and signals coming from the various sensors. This way, it tells the injectors the fire timing and how long it needs to fire.
Based on how much fuel the engine has and how much it needs, it determines the amount of fuel. Also, it determines how much fuel it should have and forces injectors to act accordingly. Accordingly, ECM allows the fuel injectors to push the right amount of fuel into the engine. ECM helps engines to provide the highest performance.
By Telling The Fuel Injectors
ECM tells the injectors how much fuel does engine requires and when to valve opens. Without inserting the proper amount of fuel into the engine, it can’t perform the way it should. Here the ECM applied the trick. It tells the injectors to push the right amount of fuel into the engine to perform accordingly.
Moreover, how much fuel needs to be injected into each cylinder is determined by the computer. Furthermore, oxygen sensors inform the ECU if there is too much fuel or too little fuel and then. It balances the ideal conditions by maximizing or minimizing the fuel ratio.
Also, ECM plays a crucial role in firing the fuel injector and helps it to function accordingly. The ECM uses the fuel injectors and completes the circuit. It allows the injector nozzle to open.
In addition to these, fuel injectors supply constant voltage and the ground path is switched via an Electronic Control Module (ECM). Since the fuel injector is an electronically regulated valve, it’s supplied with pressurized fuel which comes from the car’s fuel pump.
How much fuel is inserted into the engine is determined by how long the fuel injectors are open. It is also known as a pulse which is controlled by the ECM. Therefore, it can be said that technically, ECM/ECU controls the injectors.
What happens to the Fuel injectors if the ECM is bad
ECM is a crucial component that controls different parts and sensors in the car. Also, it collects crucial data from different sensors and tells the other components to act accordingly. Here are some bad things that happen to the injectors when the ECM is bad.
Can’t Inject The Right Amount Of Fuel
If the fuel is not injected into the engine in the right amount, the engine will not get the right fuel. Under these conditions, the engine without fuel can perform as it is supposed to. Again, if the ECM is faulty, it cannot accurately tell how much fuel the engine needs.
The ECM can also tell if the fuel in the engine is rich or lean, meaning oxygen deficiency. But it can’t tell when it’s bad, fuel gets into the engine indiscriminately which increases engine damage.
Not Fire The Injectors
When the ECM is bad, it can’t fire up the injectors properly. And the spark won’t produce correctly. As a result, a late start happens. It may happen not to insert the right amount of fuel. If the fuel is not entirely correct, check the ECM.
Is Fuel Injection Controlled By A Computer?
The modern car has an upgraded and modern fuel injection unit. This modern unit is controlled by a computer (PCM, ECU/ECM) to provide the perfect mixture and the right amount of fuel to the combustion chamber. The computer controls the injection by determining the fuel pressure, amount of fuel, and lots of areas.
What Are Fuel Injectors Controlled By?
How much fuel is required is controlled by an engine air intake flap valve. Also, the fuel injector is controlled by the car computer (ECM/ECU, PCM, etc.). Fuel injector timing and pulse width are regulated by the PCM. Also, ECM controls the fuel injector by determining the amount of fuel and keeping the air-fuel ratio right.
The car ECM unit does a lot of work by collecting and distributing data to various sensors. However many car owners don’t know how ECM controls fuel injectors and how it controls them. However, ECM controls the fuel injectors by opening the injector’s valve till the fuel is inserted correctly. This way the engine gets enough fuel to perform. In addition, it measures the fuel and oxygen requirement and inserts the right amount of fuel.